London’s first intercity railway terminus

Above: (Wikipedia): “30 Euston Square is a building located at the corner of Euston Road and Melton Street, London NW1. Originally built as the headquarters of an assurance company, it has since been converted to form the headquarters of the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP). Its architectural style is Greek Revival. The first phase, built in 1906–08, was designed by Arthur Beresford Pite, and the 1932 extension is by W. H. Gunton.”


“The station was built on land owned by the Dukes of Grafton, whose ancestral home is Euston Hall in Suffolk, situated near the village of Euston. The village name was first recorded in Domesday Book, suggesting an Anglo-Saxon origin, and perhaps deriving from “Efe’s Tun”, a farmstead belonging to a person called Efe.”

From the Hidden London website:

“Present-day Euston Road began life in the 1750s as part of the New Road, which served as the original ‘north circular’, taking traffic away from built-up London. Until the end of the 18th century the road marked the outer edge of the metropolis in the same way that the M25 does today.

In the 1810s the northward expansion of Bloomsbury breached this barrier with the creation of Euston Square, named after the country seat of local landowner the second Duke of Grafton at Euston Hall in north Suffolk. The scheme was more of a road-widening project than the creation of a true square: a strip of garden was laid out on the north side of the New Road, with houses at its edges.

Euston station became London’s first intercity railway terminus when it opened in July 1837. The station originally stood some way north of its present location (see background of image): the former site of the Doric ‘arch’ at the main entrance is now occupied by the corridor leading to platforms 8–11.

Nearby Gower Street station opened on the world’s first underground railway in 1863.

In 1869 Euston Grove was extended south from Euston station through Euston Square to connect with Euston Road. The following year two lodges were completed at the grove’s intersection with Euston Road, both of which have now been converted to bars.

Gower Street tube station was renamed Euston Square in 1909.

Euston war memorial was erected in 1921 to honour the railwaymen who lost their lives in the First World War. Additional panels were later added to commemorate the men and women of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway who died in the Second World War.

Private residences disappeared from Euston Square long ago and the vicinity is now dominated by the stone facades of commercial and institutional premises, notably the Wellcome Trust and, on Euston Square itself, the Royal College of General Practitioners.

Most of Euston Grove was erased when Euston station was extended in the 1960s. The part that bisects Euston Square (see right of image above) is now all that remains.

The west side of Euston Square Gardens has been sacrificed to the HS2 construction project, which is having a major impact on the Euston area. Despite protests – including non-violent direct action – most of the west garden’s lovely London planes were felled so that the station’s taxi rank could be relocated above ground.”

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